A few weeks ago, the new school years started in Vietnam. So, the question arises how does the school system In Vietnam works. Already in Europe, the school system differs in every country. When it already differs in neighbouring states, how does it look like in Vietnam?

In Vietnamese culture, education is essential and includes 12 years.
The public school system includes three levels: primary, secondary 1, and secondary 2.
After ending school successfully, the adolescents have the availability to go to University.


The primary level:

First of all, the system of the primary level starts with elementary school and omits the kindergarten (which is often private). The school years are divided into semesters, beginning from the first of September to the end of May.

Furthermore, the elementary school has a duration of 5 years, and the age of entry is six years. There, children learn maths, reading, writing, and general societal values.

After the 5th grade, the children need to take a test for transferring to secondary school.


The secondary level (1):

Secondly, after successfully passing the transfer test, the children can enrol in middle schools. The duration is 4 years and is in the cessation of 10th grade. 

During these four years, the children adapt general knowledge and education in different subjects. After ending middle school successfully, the students achieve the permission of visiting a University.


The secondary level (2):

Moreover, after finishing elementary school, the children also have the possibility of visiting a secondary school. Here, the duration of education takes three years. After passing the final exams, the pupils have the availability of starting vocational training. Here, the graduate students are not allowed to visit a University.

It is interesting to note that almost all children (from both primary and secondary levels) have to take private courses in math, literature and all science subjects because the schools do not provide enough time in order for them to learn all the necessary information for their exams. However, their extra courses start around mid August, hence, the children have less summer vacation.



Finally, the education at a university (đại học) (check the pronunciation in the link) in Vietnam lasts 4 to 6 years. There is also the availability of visiting a university of applied sciences (cao đẳng). Here education takes three years.

University and the University of Applied Sciences offer next to regular studies also halftime and evening studies. These studies are prevalent because they have the same amount of education as a typical study, but they can already join the workplace. 


To sum up, similar to most countries, the education in Vietnam is also divided in primary, secondary and tertiary level. In addition to move to the next level, students have to successfully pass their exams. Although we are not certain which countries have more intense program of education, the Vietnamese children have a shorter summer break because of their private courses.  Well,  at least some parents are happier to send their kids to the private lessons, so they do not have to deal with their troublesome kids. 😀